청년층 중소기업 단기고용 고착 60대 임시직 계급화

김종찬 정치경제기자 | 기사입력 2021/06/10 [13:55]

 

▲ 홍남기 부총리 겸 기획재정부 장관.  ©기획재정부

 

단기고용 이동이 청년층과 중소기업에서 고착되고, 60대에 임시직 증대가 고착되며 계급화를 보인다.

 

통계청은 2019년 30세미만 등록취업자 20.9%가 1년 이내 이동했고, 전체취업자 55.3%가 1년 미만 단기이고, 이직자 75.5%가 중소기업 노동자이며(대기업 11.1%), 중소기업 노동자 82.7%가 중소기업에 고정됐고 대기업으로 이직한 중소기업 노동자가 10.2%로 집계했다.

 

올해 5월 고용 증가 61만9천명 중 60세 이상 45만5천명이 차지하고 65세 이상이 31만명으로 절반이 초고령 임시직으로 채웠다.

 

5월 고용은 30대(-6만9천명) 40대(-6천명)의 집중 감소 지속에서 20대(10만9천명) 50대(10만명)이외 대부분을 60대가 차지했다.

 

취업은 제조업이 연속 감소에서 전년보다 1만9천명(0.4%) 증가이나. 도·소매업(-13만6천명·-3.8%), 개인서비스업(-4만5천0명·-3.8%)이 지속적 대량 감소이고, 청년층(15~29세) 고용률 44.4%가 60세 이상 고용률 44.5%보다 낮다.

 

임금근로자 중 상용근로자 35만5천명(전년동월대비 2.5%)이나 임시근로자가 30만7천명(6.9%) 증가하며 전체 취업자 중 상용근로자 비중이 53.8%이다.

 

5월에 단기고용 증가는 36시간 미만 취업자 598만8천명에 44만2천명(8.0%) 증가한 반면, 36시간 36시간 이상은 77만5천명(3.8%) 증가로 2114만명이다.

 

5월 취업은 보건복지·서비스(24만1천명·10.3%) 건설(13만2천명·6.6%), 시설관리·임대서비스(10만1천명·7.7%)의 기존 패턴을 지속했다.

 

한국경제연구원은 소득에 의한 가계부채 평가의 가처분소득 대비 부채비율(DTI)과 소득 대비 원리금 상환비율(DSR)을 통해, 한국 가계부채가 GDP의 87.3%에서 101.1%로 13.8%포인트 증가한 반면, 세계 평균(43개국) 8.1%포인트, 주요 5개국(G5) 5.1%포인트 상승 보다 높아 상환 능력이 취약해졌다고 10일 밝혔다.

 

나라살림연구소는 지난해 3분기 GDP대비 가계부채 규모가 101.1%로, 전년보다 5.95%포인트 증가해, 영국(88.9%, 5.1%포인트), 미국(78.0%, 3.3%포인트), 일본(64.3%, 4%포인트), 독일(57.7%, 3.4%포인트) 등 큰폭으로 커졌다고 국제결제은행(BIS) 자료를 통해 9일 밝혔다.

 

홍남기 부총리는 9일 "코로나19 직전인 지난해 2월과 비교하면 80% 이상의 일자리가 회복됐다"며 “4월에 이어 취업자가 2개월 연속 60만 명 넘게 증가하는 등 고용 회복에 대한 기대감이 높아지고 있다”고 기존 정책 지속을 밝혔다.kimjc00@hanmail.net

 

*아래는 위 기사를 구글 번역으로 번역한 영문 기사의 [전문]이다. [Below is the [full text] of an English article translated from the above article with Google Translate.]

 

Temporary workers in their 60s are fixed in short-term employment by young people in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

-by Kim Jong-chan, political economy reporter


Short-term employment mobility is fixed among young people and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and temporary job growth is fixed in the 60s, showing classification.
According to Statistics Korea, in 2019, 20.9% of registered workers under 30 moved within one year, 55.3% of all employed workers were short-term for less than one year, 75.5% of turnover workers were SME workers (11.1% of large corporations), and 82.7% of SME workers were fixed in SMEs. and 10.2% of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) workers transferred to large companies.


Of the 619,000 employment growth in May this year, 455,000 people aged 60 and over accounted for 310,000 people aged 65 and over, and half of them were super-aged temporary workers.


In May, employment was mostly in their 60s, with the exception of those in their twenties (109,000 people) and those in their 50s (100,000 people), while the number of people in their 30s (-69,000 people) and those in their 40s (-6,000 people) continued to decline.


Employment increased by 19,000 people (0.4%) compared to the previous year in the manufacturing industry. The wholesale/retail industry (-136,000 people, -3.8%) and the personal service industry (-45,500 people, -3.8%) are on a continuous decline, and 44.4% of the youth (15-29 years old) employment rate is over 60 years old. It is lower than the employment rate of 44.5%.


Among wage workers, 355,000 regular workers (2.5% from the same month of the previous year) or 307,000 temporary workers (6.9%) increased, with regular workers accounting for 53.8% of the total employed.


In May, short-term employment increased by 442,000 people (8.0%) to 5,988,000 people employed less than 36 hours, while those with 36 hours and 36 hours or more increased by 775,000 people (3.8%) to 21.14 million.


In May, employment continued the existing patterns of health and welfare services (241,000 people, 10.3%), construction (132,000 people, 6.6%), and facility management and rental services (101,000 people, 7.7%).


According to the Korea Economic Research Institute, the debt-to-disposable income-to-income ratio (DTI) and the principal-to-income ratio (DSR) of household debt assessment by income showed that Korea's household debt increased by 13.8 percentage points from 87.3% of GDP to 101.1%, while the global It was announced on the 10th that it was higher than the average increase of 8.1 percentage points (43 countries) and 5.1 percentage points of the five major countries (G5).


According to the Nara Salim Research Institute, the size of household debt as a percentage of GDP in the third quarter of last year was 101.1%, an increase of 5.95 percentage points from the previous year, with the United Kingdom (88.9%, 5.1 percentage points), the United States (78.0%, 3.3 percentage points), Japan (64.3%, 4% points) and Germany (57.7%, 3.4% points), the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) announced on the 9th.


On the 9th, Deputy Prime Minister Hong Nam-ki said, "Compared to February of last year, just before Corona 19, more than 80% of jobs were recovered. ”, he said, continuing the existing policy.

 

60s Temporary Work, Household Debt, Classification, Employment Mobility, Short-Term Employment, Repayment Ability, SMEs, Youth Employment, Super Aged Labor, Nam-ki Hong

    
기사제보 및 보도자료 119@breaknews.com
ⓒ 한국언론의 세대교체 브레이크뉴스 / 무단전재 및 재배포금지
 

이 기사를 후원하고 싶습니다.

독자님의 작은 응원이 큰 힘이 됩니다.
후원금은 인터넷 신문사 '브레이크뉴스' 발전에 쓰여집니다.
  • 도배방지 이미지

광고